Water Treatment Facilities

Clean water is the key to maintaining any civilization.  John Snow is credited with linking a cholera epidemic to contaminated drinking water in 1855.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diarrheal diseases (such as cholera) kill more children than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined, making diarrheal disease the second leading cause […]

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Vaccinating the Un-Vaccinatable

Imagine a story. Earth’s population faces extinction from a predator that takes no prisoners. Every fortress invaded; the population dies… to the last individual. No survivors, no mercy, and no solution. Then an outsider steps forth from obscurity with a gift providing hope. Sounds like a great novel doesn’t it? In some ways, the story […]

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Ask Yourself This Question Before You Go Into a Pool

“Would you bathe with these people?” “Would you bathe with these people?” That is what you are doing. You are about to jump into chlorinated bathwater used by the people you see before you and those who came earlier. What do people do after they get out of a pool? Usually, shower off. For everyone’s […]

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Forget Goat Tanning Beds, Consider St. John’s Wort

While many people take St. John’s Wort as an herbal treatment for depression, the plant induces painful sunburns in goats when eaten. Sound crazy? Wondering if you heard that correctly? Yes, St. John Wort is a photodynamic plant. After eating, certain UV-light-absorbing compounds in the plant circulate in the blood of the goat. In white, […]

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Karenia, Why Everyone Hates You

Does Karenia Mean "Pure Evil?" The name Karen comes from the Greek word for “pure.” Pure what though, can be interpreted. In the case of Karenia brevis, the purity of wanton destruction applies. Like other dinoflagellates, Karenia bears attributes of both plants and animals within a compact single-cell. In the 1800’s dinoflagellates were described as […]

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FIFRA For You!

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) works hard to prevent toxins from entering the American food and water supplies.  We have seen this with CERCLA, radon, and the Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act.  The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act of 1947 (FIFRA) is no different.  As with other Acts, FIFRA has […]

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Lead, a Giant Pain in the Asteroid

Ancient Romans knew that lead posed risk Contrary to popular belief, the ancient Romans understood that lead could be harmful. During the reign of the second emperor, Vitruvius wrote in his eighth volume on architecture, “Water conducted through earthen pipes is more wholesome than that through lead; indeed, that conveyed in lead must be injurious.” […]

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