Water Treatment Facilities

Clean water is the key to maintaining any civilization.  John Snow is credited with linking a cholera epidemic to contaminated drinking water in 1855.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diarrheal diseases (such as cholera) kill more children than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined, making diarrheal disease the second leading cause Continue Reading

Equine Hoof Care, Part 2

What happens when equine feet are neglected, or environmental conditions are less than ideal? The hoof is under constant assault from arid conditions, wet conditions, bacteria, fungi, and physical trauma. We will continue to address common hoof diseases here. In the previous post, we introduced the basics of hoof anatomy and care. The first ailment Continue Reading

Who is C. chauvoei?

Weaning will be upon us sooner than expected.  Are your calves ready?  Are they protected from blackleg? All breeds of calves are susceptible to blackleg, not just black ones.  Beef cattle have a slightly higher risk, do to heavier muscling.  Clostridium chauvoei causes an emphysematous swelling in muscles, affecting cattle and sheep.  Also referred to Continue Reading

Hey Copper, thanks for policing for bacteria!

Oligodynamics: Copper, element 29, perches atop the eleventh column of the periodic table above some extraordinary transition metals. Leading the way with oligodynamic, or bacterial neutralizing properties, copper kills bacteria upon contact through several supposed methods. Brass, an alloy of copper and zinc, can reportedly kill a million coliform bacteria per millimeter.                 Despite copper Continue Reading

Buruli Ulcer: How does this not hurt?

A new type of infection first described in Australia in 1930 is in the news again.  Known by many names, including Buruli ulcer, Barnsdale ulcer and Mossman ulcer, infection with Mycobacterium ulcerans causes severe, debilitating ulcers of the skin and soft tissue.  This bacterium is in the same genus as tuberculosis and leprosy.  Reports show Continue Reading