Ruminant Abortions: What’s Your Differential?

Differential Diagnosis The ACVPM exam is over, and you decide to reward your hard work with a relaxing night out.  While at supper, you are drawn into a nearby conversation with fellow ACVPM candidates discussing a recent outbreak of abortions in local sheep and goats back home in Kenya.  Some sick calves have been noted Continue Reading

Foreign Filoviridae: Ebola

Ebola hemorrhagic fever Ebola hemorrhagic fever no longer exists as a mysterious disease in the jungles of Africa.  It has once again reared its ugly head, this time moving into more populated areas.  This becomes an emerging public health threat quickly.  With the rate of human travel, an infected individual could be anywhere in the Continue Reading

Biosafety Level Labs

What is a BSL?  Sounds kind of scary, but they are very important in research and diagnosing disease.  BSL stands for Biosafety Lab.  There are four levels of BSLs.  Each handles increasing levels of infectious material, and therefore require higher measures of protection for lab workers. If you prefer to listen to podcasts, feel free Continue Reading

Foot and Mouth Disease

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of over 70 species of wild and domestic cloven-hoofed mammals.  From the OIE Technical Disease Cards, the early signs include “vesicles on the tongue, dental pad, buccal mucosa, cheeks, gums, hard and soft palate, nostrils, muzzle, feet, corium of dewclaws, interdigital spaces, or teats”.  Continue Reading